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Rhino poachers strike again

BOKAKHAT: Rhino poachers are back in Kaziranga leaving the much hyped multi layered security to protect the pride of Assam.

After a brief halt the poachers struck in Baghmari range of Kaziranga in Biswanath killing a full grown rhino and chop off the horn.

Forest guards deployed in the Sixth part of the world heritage site spotted the carcass on Sunday wee hours.

Local residents have blamed the forest guards for failing to protect the rhinos.

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Rapes and Death Sentence

23 Apr 2018 - 12:28pm | Walter Fernandes

Protests have been held in different cities against the atrocious rape and death of an eight year old girl near Khatua and the rape of another minor in Unnao and the murder of her father for demanding justice to his daughter. A protest march was held at Guwahti too. Many protestors demanded death penalty for the rapists of minors. The chairperson of the Delhi Commission for Women (DCW) went on a fast making this demand. The Union Government has responded to this outcry through an ordinance bringing in death penalty. It is time then to reflect on some issues that these events raise because rapes and murders continue. One cannot but appreciate the protests against these brutal crimes. Thanks to their outcry serious action was taken by the Union Government, by the State Governments and the police against some criminals. However what irks me is the demand of death for the rapists. 

I appreciate the stand in support of the victims of such atrocities. But the urban middle class that makes this demand does not seem to realise that this “tooth for a tooth” demand of death penalty can have the opposite effect of perpetuating the climate of violence. The fear of death can motivate the rapist to kill the victim, the main witness to his crime. Moreover, there are enough studies to show that death penalty does not prevent murders and other crimes. For example, most States of the USA have death penalty and the country has the third biggest number of executions per year. But USA continues to have the biggest number of mass killings. Even individual murders and rapes is among the highest in the world. The same holds good for China and Saudi Arabia that are the first two in the number of executions. On the other side, countries like UK, France and Germany that have banned death penalty have relatively few murders and rapes. India has death penalty but one sees no reduction in these crimes. Kneejerk reaction of demanding death penalty can satisfy one’s thirst for revenge but far from reducing the number of crimes it may increase them.

By questioning this demand I do not mean that no solution should be found. I hold that a lasting solution should be based not on emotional reaction to these atrocities but on an understanding of our social fabric that creates such crimes. Not every child is raped and murdered. Such crimes are relatively few against middle and upper class children and most of them are committed by their relatives and acquaintances who also pressurise them into not reporting them in order to protect the family’s honour. Most children who are abused and killed by strangers are dalit, tribal or Muslim. The little girl in Khatua, for example, was got rid of because she was Muslim from a nomadic tribe. The perpetrators of the crime wanted their action to force her community to leave their area. The Unnao crime was committed by a man who controls his village and was certain to escape punishment for it. The protest marches and public pressure got the State to order a CBI inquiry. After the public outcry brought the crime to its notice the Allahabad High Court took suo moto action and ordered the criminal’s arrest. Because of pressure the first step of a CBI inquiry has been taken, but one is not certain that the agency will not dance to the tune of its master and go the way of the judgements on the Mecca Masjid and Gujarat massacres and fake encounters. One says this after knowing that the State Government that ordered this inquiry also withdrew a few days ago all cases against the perpetrators of the Muzaffarnagar communal riots. Earlier the same Government had withdrawn all cases against the Chief Minister. In spite of it one has to give credit to the demonstrators for forcing the hand of the Government.

While appreciating these protests, one believes that one has to go beyond the individual events to look at the social systems that legitimise such crimes and even make them possible. It is important not to stop at these protests but realise that gender and caste combine in these cases to victimise mainly dalit and tribal children. One has, therefore, to look beyond these single events and begin a sustained campaign against caste and gender based discrimination and against the communal attitudes that legitimise such crimes. One has also to take a stand against the political system that not only condones the crimes but even encourages them. Protests against individual crimes are important but one has to ask whether time has come to begin a sustained campaign against the social system of caste and gender based discrimination and the communal atmosphere which creates the environment leading to such crimes. Our social conscience has to take a serious look at the social, political and economic systems that expose the poor to such crimes and often force them into silence about them. It is a public secret that not more than ten percent of rapes are reported. A better legal system can encourage the victims to break their silence but a social process is more important for a long-term solution. 

One has also to look at regional imbalance. There have been as many crimes against women and children in the Northeast as in mainland India. But they get very little attention. The middle class understandably takes up only those that get publicity in the major cities. One needs to ask why the mainstream media ignore the crimes in the Northeast or at best relegate them to a two-inch column in an inner page. As though that were not enough some legislators of Assam give it a communal colour by stating that most rapists belong to a certain community. In so doing they give themselves a good conscience by ignoring gender and caste based discrimination that legitimises such crimes.

It is therefore of utmost importance to create a social atmosphere that goes beyond protests against individual crimes. One has to find ways of preventing them. Protest against the social system that makes them possible is the first step. Rape is viewed only as crime against women. One has to realise that children’s upbringing socialises both boys and girls into internalising women’s subordinate role and eventually treating them as sex objects. Our society take the caste system for granted. Children’s upbringing has to reverse caste and gender inequalities to get boys and girls to accept human equality. Only such a social process can take one towards a long-term solution. 

Convention against AFSPA

1 Nov 2015 - 9:13pm | AT New Delhi

A convention on Repeal AFSPA (Armed Forces Special Powers Act) was organized here at New Delhi today with the objective to bring demand of Repeal AFSPA in political priorities.  This convention was organized on the eve of 2nd Nov where IromSharmila, better known as Iron lady of Manipur is completing 15 years of her hunger strike with the demand to Repeal AFSPA.

Convention was attended by various eminent speakers that includes NeinguloKrom (Secretary General of Naga Peoples’ Movement for Human Rights), BablooLoitongbam (Human Rights Activist from Manipur), Swami Agnivesh , Prof NandiniSundar, Prof DeeptiPriyaMehrotra , Ashok Agrwaal and others. Youths and other activists also attended the convention in large numbers and extended their support towards the cause.

This convention was organized by Save Sharmila Solidarity Campaign (SSSC), Association for Protection of Civil Rights (APCR), Students Islamic Organisation (SIO), Bonded Labour Liberation Front, Just Peace Foundation (JPF), Forum Asia and Human Rights Alert. Those who participated also signed sheets to endorse the demand of Repeal AFSPA from all regions (North east and J&K) and release of IromSharmila. Father Denzil delivered his welcome note in start of convention.

IromSharmila, a woman from Manipur is completing 15 years of her hunger protest on 2nd Nov. She is observing fast as a form of protest since the year 2000 (when she was about 28 years old), and she had started it just after Malom massacre where Assam rifles had fired upon local civilians who were waiting at a bus stand in Malom, Imphal (Manipur) and all were killed. Irom decided to register her protest because incidents of torture and killings were common in Manipur and in the veil of the powers under AFSPA,nothing could be done against culprit security personals. Iromsharmila started her fast and did not leave it since then. She has only demand, Repeal AFSPA, as it is AFSPA that is main culprit , because it provides extra ordinary powers to security personals to operate in Manipur and other such areas and these powers have been misused widely.

AFSPA has provisions of shoot to kill mere on probability, but it does not stop here, instead it goes beyond and says that no case can be lodged against any security personals without pre sanction from central government. Sadly, in all such years, no approval was given by central government and despite hundreds of reported cases of fake killings, torture and rapes, nothing could be done to punish culprits.

As, IromSharmila did not leave her fast, Manipur police registered a case against her under section 309 of ‘attempt to suicide’ and put her in jail. During her release from jail for a day in 2006, IromSharmila came to Delhi, paid tribute to Mahatma Gandhi at Rajghat and later joined a fast at JantarMantar. Delhi Police also registered another case under same section of attempt to suicide here in Delhi and matter went to court. Presently, IromSharmila is under arrest by Manipur police and living her life in security ward of JLN hospital of Manipur.  The case in Delhi also, is still going on and IromSharmila appears before Delhi court on court notices and when Manipur government becomes ready to produce her at Delhi.

Despite her fast since last 15 years and government’s ignorance, even suppression through lodging her behind bars, did not break her faith in democracy or non violence. She always smiles, and tells , ‘I have faith in democracy. Government will listen one day’

Sadly, government is not listening, and even one of her demand to meet Prime Minister NarendraModi has not been accepted yet. She thinks Prime Minister does not want to meet her as probably government has no reply for all her demands and questions about suppression of people through AFSPA.

This act, AFSPA as one of the most draconian one that is not only dangerous to people, but even damage the reputation of security forces and of world’s largest democracy that is advocating for UNSC seat.

Govt’s own committees have recommended to repeal this act. Even many fake killings, rapes and cases of disappearances were not only reported but even proved, but till now govt has not repealed this act. Many national and international human rights organizations also raising their voice to demand to repeal this act. State leadership of BJP in Manipur and PDP in J&K had favored to repeal of this act, but now they are silent.

NeinguloKrome , Secretary General of NPMHR said “AFSPA is a violation of Human Rights and if India is truly a democratic country then this Act should be removed immediately. He also described about cases that are before Supreme Court against human rights violations”

Babloo Loitongbam , a human rights activist from Manipur emphasized that this law has no place in a democratic country like India. This process needs to stop because it violates democracy to its core.  He also said that we need to move our struggle in such a way that we should be able to celebrate IromSharmila’s victory in her struggle and even if Govt of India accepts her demand, it will be a victory of govt itself as it will send a message that govt respects for human rights

Swami Agnivesh said he will lender all his support to the youth of this country in this struggle to repeal AFSPA from J&K and the North Eastern states of India. He also said that it is painful to see that religious groups raise voice when something happen to any member of their religion, but why don’t they speak upon such isues where laws like AFSPA are violating human rights with all acceptance and permission by govt. Are not speaking for these acts are also a thing that religion should call for.

Prof Sanjoy Hazarika described about how this struggle is all about 15 years of Irom Sharmila, 10 years of Jeevan Reddy Committee and many others and therefore we must see that something is happening about which we all need to be concerned upon.  Sanjoy also said that future strategies should be developed and AFSPA is required to be repealed.

Prof Nandini Sundar talked about the Irom Sharmila Scholarships started by Delhi University three years ago and how to make them more effective. She also shared stories from the students who have received these scholarships.

Ashok Agrwaal, a lawyer and author of the book ‘In Search of Vanished Blood’ raised questions as to when will Sharmila’s struggle end…? He wonders whether the people are waiting for Sharmila to die to make her struggle a meaningful statement.

Prof Deepti Priya Mehrotra, who has also written a book on IromSharmilatitled ‘Burning Bright’said, “Sharmila is the voice of ordinary people. Let the 21st century be the century of Sharmila.” She also emphasized that it is only through solidarity that different voices are joined together and this is the only way in which we can stand up and fight for it. 

From APCR, Kashif Ahmed Faraz feels, ‘People are now much aware of this issue and are coming up to fight for it. But we shouldn’t stop here. We should continue spreading awareness about it…”

Laeeq Ahmed Khan from SIO said these laws have multidimensional effect.

Raghu Menon from Forum Asia told that forum Asia is always in support of struggles for Human Rights and we have already extended our support to IromSharmila and we will continue to raise voice though all possible means.

Henry, chairperson of Forum Asia also joined the convention and expressed his solidarity on behalf of organization.

The session was concluded by Ravi Nitesh who said that he has seen a lot of change in these fifteen years. Earlier only the North East people were fighting for it but now more and more people from all over the country are standing up in support of IromSharmila.

At the end, it was announced that demand to repeal AFSPA is a collective struggle and demand that is very much required to protect human rights as well as democratic values. It was announced that this full week is being observed in solidarity with 15 years of struggle of IromSharmila nationwide and at many places protests are happening.  It was also told that in coming months, this movement will bring more voices together and will start a big movement to demand Repeal AFSPA.

ULFA ridicules Abhijit Sarma

1 Mar 2009 - 11:55am | editor
The United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) has ridiculed Assam Public Works Director Abhijit Sarma for his remarks on Friday that if ULFA and the NDFB fail to come forward for talks by April Paresh Baruah and Ranjan Daimary will have to forfeit their Indian citizenship.

In a statement issued here on Saturday, the rebel outfit's lieutenant Anjan Borthaku said Sarma is trying his best to grease the palms of army, police and other para military forces engaged in the crackdown against ULFA with the unified command structure. He said the ULFA C-in-C has already shed his Indian citizenship many years ago and that he needs no such citizenship. Same it is in the case of NDFB chief Ranjan Daimary, said the ULFA topgun in the statement.

It may be recalled that on Friday APW director Abhijit Sarma said if ULFA and NDFB fail to come forward for talks by mid April they would have to forefeet their Indian citizenship.