There is a wide gap that exists, not only outside the class but inside the class room. There are a number of factors involved that add to the agony of the students such as lack of teachers (especially female), shortage of unqualified and untrained teachers, overcrowded classrooms, appointment of teachers on contractual basis and anomalies in the recruitment process, lack of counselling counsellor in schools, family disputes of the teacher, irregularities of salaries and vice-versa.
Another striking factor is that there is a shortage of more than 8 lakh teachers in primary and middle schools. It is disappointing and disheartening figure that 19 per cent of the total primary schools in India are single teacher schools catering to nearly 12 per cent of the total enrolment in primary classes. About 10 per cent of teachers at this stage are above 55 years of age. However, looking at the teacher- student ratio of 1:40, India needs another 60 lakh teachers for Classes I-VIII, and has just 52 lakh — a figure which is set to shrink further. It actually has just 26 lakh teachers, a shortage of 12 lakh. This definitely, adds to the anxiety of the teacher in the school. This combination of factors could be the possible reasons for the upswing of teacher-students’ conflicts in schools.
There is a need for an overhauling the entire education system esp. the primary and middle schools to stop atrocities against young school children. The government must ensure that teachers should appoint according to basic criteria and they should be given a proper skills and training before they assume their responsibility. Each school should be filled with sufficient number of teachers both male and female as per the requirement of the school and they should be sent for regular and ongoing training. The school should have a student counsellor and it’s a must that schools should be provided with basic facilities. It’s disgusting that some of our primary schools are worst than the cowshed. Unless and until these basic requirements are met, students will continue to be victimized and if not, the parents will have to think twice before they send their kids to school.