Skip to content Skip to navigation

Tourism industry of Assam

  • Approaching Umananda temple..
    Approaching Umananda temple..

Assam being one of the cardinal states amongst the eight Northeastern states of India is regarded as the gateway of Northeast India which is blessed with ample natural resources in the form of green and mineral reserves, water bodies and flora and fauna. Even though there are several ethnic societies in Assam, Assamese is the official language. The lush green tea plantations and rich petroleum production across Assam along with the one horned rhinoceroses make Assam a very popular state in India.

With such abundance Assam reserves to be included in the tour itinerary of any tourist who feel like exploring India to the fullest. Assam is surrounded by Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram to the South and also shares the Northern and Eastern boundaries of the state with Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh respectively. West Bengal, Bangladesh can be found to the West with Meghalaya lying towards the South-Western part.

The tourism industry is a growing service sector in India, which contributes to 6.23 per cent towards nationwide GDP. Lying at the center of the world’s wealthiest bio-geographic regions, Assam is rightly endowed with nature and has the appreciable possibilities for developing into a compelling force if tourism is encouraged as a thriving industry. With loads of economic resources, rich cultural and ethnic heritage, the state of Assam has gradually grown into a hub of tourist destination, thus producing abundant income and job possibilities across Assam, which is outlined by its rich flora, fauna and biodiversity.

In Assam, the Government and the other establishments have taken up numerous strategies and initiatives to advertise tourism which is the fastest growing market here in Assam. It has remarkable sightseeing attractions, hill stations, water bodies, rich wildlife parks that include fifteen wildlife sanctuaries and five national parks. The number of tourists from India and overseas are on the high every year. The state also provides a lot of opportunities for the sports enthusiast.

Assam offers ample opportunities for adventure loving tourists and random visitors because of its undulating tea gardens and green forests, natural scenery, rich wildlife and places of pilgrimage in and around the state. Apart from these, the state is a store house of medicinal herbs and plants, ornamental fishes, exotic plants along with serene and idyllic places such as Deepor Beel, Barnadi and many others.

Majuli of Assam is the largest river island in India. (the largest river island in the world is Bananal Island in Brazil). Majuli had a total area of 1,250 square kilometres (483 sq mi), but having lost significantly to erosion it has an area of only 421.65 square kilometres (163 sq mi) in 2001.  

This apart historical buildings like the Rang Ghar, Kareng Ghar, Joysagar, Joy Doul; places like Sonitpur (Tezpur), Garhgaon, Jerangapathar, religious temples like the Kamakhya, the Umananda, the Agnigarh and the Mahabhairavi temples and hill stations like Haflong, Badarpur and others are places that attract people not only from inside India, but also from abroad.

Eco-tourism plays a major role in preserving the natural and cultural assets and in cherishing the traditional aspects that exist. Even though there are different cultures in respect to attires, rituals, rites as well as the festivals, the people of this state live in harmony and with peace. The legacy of the traditional crafts and art in Assam along with the production of different types of Silk products such as the Golden Muga, the White Pat and the Warm Eri are sought after. And as the spring arrives in Assam, the shuttles of the loom are a common sound in the villages.

The tourism sector is graced with a major growth after the termination of the Restricted Area Permit (RAP). A host of action plans and schemes have been carried out by various authorities under the tourism sector that works with the State Government for enhancing or boosting the infrastructural provisions as well as the natural and wildlife resources. Diversified outcomes and all round progress in the field of infrastructure as well as relevant facilities have been evidenced by the State Tourism Department with the financial support from Central and State Government of India. Tourism Circuit Development, Destination Development and Wayside Amenities has been given notable importance for the development of the tourism sector by undergoing public and private partnerships.

The Assam Tourism Policy 2008 by the State Government of Assam sets the tourism sector on a top concern for the financial and economic growth, enhancing the tourism potentials and the quality of the current tourism items, advertising infrastructure of international benchmark, motivating Public-Private Collaboration in the overall development of tourism and so on. This policy has created a new era and sphere for the big shot entrepreneurs and has also enchanted many companies like Indian hotels Company Ltd (Taj Group) for coming up with a 5 star hotel in Guwahati City. The Guwahati airport has also grown up into one of the busiest airport hub in the entire North-Eastern India that connects to all the metropolitan places of the country.

It is clearly evident that the tourism sector of Assam has got a lot of potential for making up good amount of money as well as livelihoods for the people, but because of some constraints it is not able to see the developed phase such as infrastructure disadvantages, barriers in communication, geographical isolation, cultural situations leading to governmental uncertainty, growth of rebel activities, deficiency of fund from the Central Government, faulty socio-economic and governmental set up, deficiency of appropriate travel and tourism development policy of the State Government, deficiency of appropriate friendly investment environment and absence of good-natured circumstances to attract tourists.

To conclude growth of the tourism industry in this state mostly relies with the development of conventional policies leading to the enhancement of the tourism department and all round individuals' co-operation and awareness. Further, a sincere and powerful determination of the Government of Assam in addition to the genuine involvement of the residents of Assam will definitely enhance the tourism market in Assam in the near future.


Author info

Ronali Hazarika's picture

My name is Ronali Hazarika, and I am a student of 1st Semester at the Centre for Mass Communication and Journalism, Cotton College, Guwahati and my course is PG Diploma in Mass Communication & Journalism (PGDMJ).

Add new comment


Republish this content

Bodo organizations stick to Bodoland

20 Aug 2017 - 10:43pm | AT Kokrajhar Bureau

Various Bodo organizations in BTAD have announced a series of fresh agitation to revive the struggle for a separate Bodoland. 

These include ABSU and its allied groups NFFB, NDFB-P and PJACBM who are prepared to mount pressure on thr Centre with series of agitation from August 28 in the form of national highway blockade, mass hunger strike etc.

The agitation was finalized at a joint meeting at the Bodofa House on Sunday in Kokrajhar where the leaders pledged to go all out for the demand. 

ABSU president Promod Boro said  they would demanded sn early solution of the issue through political dialogue. He has slammed the BJP led NDA government for not taking any bold steps while solving the Bodoland issue. He said that though the BJP had promised to solve the Bodoland issue in their 2014 election manifesto, but till today no any measures were reached. 

He said that militant leaders of NDFB, who are still in jail should be released without any conditions in the line of the ULFA as the NDFB are in ceasefire with government. He has urged the government to make early solution of the NDFB problems.   

Gavinda Basumatary, NDFB-P general secretary said that the movement groups declared more agitation programmes to put pressure government for the solution of Bodoland issue. He has put demand of early creation of Bodoland state

They announced a series of agitation programmes seeking solution of Bodoland, which included 10 hours national Highway blockade by women on 28th August,  12 hours Assam bandh on 12 September, mass hunger strike from October 1, railway blockade in October, indefinite economic blockade from November next. 

Hurdle in ST status for 6 communities

22 Dec 2014 - 8:19am | Hantigiri Narzary

 The move for ST status to six communities is set to hit a major road block with a circle of tribal organization leaders deciding to oppose it tooth and nail.

The Kokrajhar unit of the All Assam Tribal Sangha threatens to openly oppose the move saying that they won’t sit idle if the government endorses the demand.

The issue came up for discussion when the new executive body of the Kokrajhar unit of the organization met at the Serfanguri High School ground on Sunday.

 The decision to oppose the ST status to 6 communities was taken during the 3rd triennial conference of Kokrajhar district unit of the Sangha held at Serfanguri High School ground on Sunday.

The tribal body further discussed the core issues of the tribal communities and illegal encroachment in tribal belt and blocks by non tribal communities and suspected nationalities.


AAMSU forms regional unit

7 Jul 2018 - 10:01pm | AT Kokrajhar Bureau

KOKRAJHAR:  A general meeting of the Kokrajhar district unit of All Assam Minority Students Union(AAMSU) was held at Baruapara LP school on Saturday. The meet chaired by Mafush Hussain,president of the Kokrajhar disrict unit AAMSU discussed at length about the organisational activities towards the welfare of the  students as well social upliftment of the people of religious minority community in the region.A new regional unit, Baruapara regional unit of the All Assam Minority Students Union(AAMSU) was formed on the day to work for the welfare of the students with Kanijul Islam as president and Shahjahan Ali and Mijanur Rahman as secretaries along with 41 executive members.Among others,Safikul Sheik,secretary of Kokrajhar district unit AAMSU,Kurdosh Ali attended the meeting.